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Coding has probably never been in such a great demand as it is today. Numerous websites, hundred thousands of apps for mobile devices – all of them require programming.

But which programming languages are the most popular? TOP 8 languages according to TIOBE Index for April 2017:

1_java_2

Java is currently an open-source programming language, which can be used in various domains. It was presented in 1995 and later became the first choice for enterprise application development. The universal language can be perfectly used in Cloud Computing and further forms of data processing.

2_c

C is one of the oldest programming languages on the market. It was presented by Dennis Ritchie in 1972. The reason for its popularity is the simplicity and ability to perform system calls. Besides, it is widely used for development of operating systems.

Similar to C++, C is suitable for building high-performance applications. Moreover, the language is used in the development of embedded and graphic applications as well as games. The hardware-related software is also often developed using C language.

3_c-plus-plus

C++ is one of the most difficult programming languages. It was created in 1983 by Bjarne Stroustrup in order to improve C programming language. The language is the optimal choice for developing high-performance applications. Large corporations often use C++ in cases related to performance of their systems.

4_c#3

C# is a .NET programming language that is mostly used in Windows environment. Microsoft is the holder of the rights. The company has released the .NET framework as ‘open source’. There are a lot of other programming languages supported by .NET, however, C# is extremely high rated for its common features with Java and the option to easily develop Windows apps.

The language is also widely used for games development.

5_python

Python is a universal open-source programming language that was presented by Guido van Rossum in 1991 and has been very popular for many years. Python is known for its simplicity and applicability in almost any scenario.

Web frameworks, e.g. Django enable developers to work effectively on their innovative web projects.

Python is easy to learn, concurrently, it is a language with the most extensive possible applications. It has all the tools required for large data evaluation projects. Besides, the language is popular in such areas as Big Data and Data Science, and recently even in high-performance computing.

6_php

The open-source language was presented by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1995. Initially, it was not created as a full-featured programming language. In the last twenty years, however, it has made enormous progress and developed rapidly. PHP is used as a server-side script language and works well with such front-end technologies as HTML, CSS and JavaScript. PHP seems to be the most criticized programming language, as its original design didn’t find much favor.

PHP is used by the majority of websites. However, it should be taken into account that the language has recently undergone significant revision with PHP 7.

7_visua2l

VB.NET is a programming language implemented on .NET framework. Launched in 2002 by Microsoft, Visual Basic .NET is the successor of its original VB language.

Visual Basic .NET works with so-called virtual machines, CLR (Common Language Runtime). It creates an intermediate code that is converted into machine code during the runtime. CLR is a component of Microsoft’s .NET framework.

8-javascript

JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages for web front-end. It was created in 1995 by Brendan Eich. JavaScript allows editing interactive website elements. However, modern JavaScript frameworks enable more than just interactive website designing. As an example, developers can manage server-side commands using Node.js. Such popular JavaScript frameworks as jQuery, Node.js, Angular and React help to develop modern web applications.

JavaScript is a script language of the World Wide Web. It is used for the majority of web applications. JavaScript has developed from front-end to backend programming language without neglecting its’ strong points in front-end area.

The script language is continually developing due to a large community.