Jul 23, 2021

9 min

Top 8 Cloud Computing Languages to Know in 2021

The global cloud computing market is growing rapidly, as evidenced by the report provided by MarketsandMarkets. It reached $371.4 billion in 2020 and is expected to grow to $832.1 billion by 2025. Both large and small companies engaged in various industries avail of cloud solutions today. These services can be used for a wide variety of purposes, including data backup, disaster recovery, software development and testing, big data analytics, and much more. Let's find out what cloud computing is, how it can benefit your business, and what cloud programming languages ​​are popular in this area.

Senior Software Developer

written by:

Olga Shimko

Senior Software Developer, Qulix Systems

popular cloud programming languages

The global cloud computing market is growing rapidly, as evidenced by the report provided by MarketsandMarkets. It reached $371.4 billion in 2020 and is expected to grow to $832.1 billion by 2025. Both large and small companies engaged in various industries avail of cloud solutions today. These services can be used for a wide variety of purposes, including data backup, disaster recovery, software development and testing, big data analytics, and much more. Let's find out what cloud computing is, how it can benefit your business, and what cloud programming languages ​​are popular in this area.

Cloud Computing: Features, Models, Benefits

Cloud computing is a model of operation through which a company gains access to shared computing resources, such as servers, storage, network, applications, and other cloud services. All resources can be used and managed by the user without additional assistance from the cloud provider.

Key Features of Cloud Computing

cloud computing features

Cloud computing has the following main characteristics:

On–demand self–service

If you decide on the weekend that you need to use the networked storage or other cloud services, you can employ them without the help of the provider's staff.

Broad network access

You need to have network access to take advantage of the capabilities and services of cloud computing. Moreover, you can use the services from various devices like laptops or smartphones.

Resource pooling

The provider combines all cloud resources into one pool and offers them for use through multitenancy. All virtual and physical cloud resources are provided based on your and other users' needs. Resources include storage, RAM, virtual machines, computing power, bandwidth, and so on.

Rapid elasticity

If necessary, the amount of resources is quickly reserved and scaled in accordance with your requirements. Providers allow users to buy the resources at any time and in any volume.

Measured service

All resources are automatically monitored, measured, and optimized to ensure data transparency. These resources include computing power, number of active users, storage capacity, bandwidth, and much more.

Cloud Computing Models

SaaS, PaaS, IaaS

Software as a Service (SaaS)

This cloud model involves the use of the provider's software that operates in the cloud infrastructure. You can use it through a client or software interface. In this case, you can't manage the cloud infrastructure like operating system, network, storage, and servers.

Examples: Salesforce, Microsoft Office 365, Google Apps, Slack, Amazon Web Services (AWS), Dropbox, DocuSign, etc.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)

The cloud provider will give you a cloud computing platform with all the necessary cloud programming languages, services, tools, and libraries. You won't be able to manage the underlying cloud infrastructure, servers, network, operating systems, and storage. But you'll be able to manage applications and partially the application environment configuration settings.

Examples: Magento Commerce Cloud, Windows Azure, AWS Elastic Beanstalk, Force, etc.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

You have computing capacity, storage, networks, and other crucial computing resources using which you can deploy and manage your software. These can include applications and operating systems. You also can't manage the cloud infrastructure, but you can customize the operating system, deployed applications, storage, and partially manage some of the networking components, such as host–based firewalls.

Examples: Google Compute Engine (GCE), AWS EC2, Digital Ocean, Rackspace, etc.

Cloud Computing Deployment Models

types of clouds

There are four types of cloud computing deployment models:

Private cloud

All private cloud resources are used by only one company or group of companies. Both provider and company can manage the cloud computing deployment model. If the company doesn't have the required specialists, it can employ the remote administration service.

Community cloud

The provider provides cloud infrastructure to the community of users that have a common mission, security policy, and requirements for the proper work. A cloud can be owned and managed by several community organizations or a service provider.

Public cloud

The public cloud resources can be used by various users on the Internet. The cloud infrastructure is usually managed and owned by a particular government, commercial, or academic organization. Both ordinary users and large companies can utilize the public cloud services.

Hybrid cloud

This model consists of the public and private clouds, which allows companies to determine the optimal environment for every operating task. When the company lacks internal resources (private cloud), it can employ the provider's computation capacities (public cloud). It should be taken into account that you won't be able to manage the private and public cloud as one unit. Both models will be independent units combined with the proprietary technology.

Benefits of Cloud Computing

pros of clouds

Six out of ten companies employed cloud solutions in 2020, according to Flexera. Why do businesses choose these technologies? Cloud computing offers them the following advantages:

Cost–effectiveness

Companies don't need to spend money on expensive hardware and software and hire maintenance staff. Using cloud–based systems also saves a lot of money on electricity and cooling of servers. Businesses pay only for the lease of competition power and software.

Flexibility and scalability

The company can use only those resources that it needs, as well as regulate their volume by itself. It can easily decrease or increase the volume of resources depending on the need. In addition, you can scale the cloud infrastructure in a matter of seconds.

Reliability

As a rule, providers are able to ensure a high level of reliability as they can afford to purchase and maintain professional equipment. To protect your business even more, they take additional measures, such as back–up and hosted storage.

Availability 24/7

To access information stored in the cloud at any time, you need the Internet only.

Mobility

You can use the cloud from anywhere in the world from any device (your computer, smartphone, laptop, tablet, etc.). This is especially useful for those who work remotely due to the COVID-19 pandemic, or for those companies that work with outsourced personnel.

Drawbacks of Cloud Computing

cons of clouds

In spite of the range of advantages, cloud technologies have some disadvantages:

Fast Internet access is required

To take advantage of the cloud infrastructure, you must always be online.

Security issues

You must provide cloud providers with access to your confidential data, which will be stored in the cloud on the web. Although providers offer the best security standards and certifications, they can be attacked by hackers.

Risk of losing your data

If the provider's servers break down, you could lose all of your data.

Limited control

Since cloud platforms are owned and operated by providers, you will not be able to control the servers in full.

As you see, cloud–based applications are widely used by various companies all over the world thanks to their flexibility, scalability, and reliability. It's time to learn what programming languages are used by cloud engineers and developers to create their solutions.

Most Popular Cloud Computing Languages

programming languages for clouds

1 Java

Java is one of the most widespread and popular programming languages today, according to Statista. It was developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Java is an object–oriented language that allows developers to build large, flexible, scalable, and extensible applications. It supports polymorphism, inheritance, and static typing. That's what Java is actively used to create software for multiple devices, such as computers, tablets, smartphones, and even household appliances.

2 PHP

PHP, or Hypertext Preprocessor, was created by Danish programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. It originally represented a set of scripts in Perl. This set of scripts was then rewritten into the C interpreter. PHP was used to build websites and web applications. W3Techs found out that almost 80% of all websites use PHP as the server–side language. PHP supports many database systems, such as Oracle, MySQL, Postgre, MSSQL, MongoDB, and others. This language is suitable for developing websites on all the most common operating systems (Windows, MacOS, and Linux).

3 Python

Python was developed and created by Dutch programmer Guido van Rossum in 1991. It is a high–level language scripting programming language, the hallmark of which is its versatility. Nowadays, it is applied in various fields, such as machine learning, development of web applications, parsing, and others. Python is an extremely simple and flexible language that contains a small number of keywords. One of its main advantages is that the Python interpreter is implemented on almost all platforms and operating systems. Another important feature is that it's an extensible language, which allows developers to constantly improve it.

4 Golang

Golang, or Go, is a relatively new compiled, multithreaded programming language developed by Google in 2009. It's an open–source project that allows developers to use its codes and compiler for free. Go is a cross–platform language that allows programmers to create software for various operating systems, such as Windows, Mac OS, or Linux. You can easily transfer programs written for one of these operating systems to another OS. Go is designed for creating various kinds of apps, but first of all, there are web services and client–server applications.

5 Ruby

Ruby is a dynamic, general–purpose object–oriented programming language developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto in 1995. It is used in web development as part of the open–source Rails web framework, also known as Ruby on Rails (RoR). According to Hotframeworks, it ranked fourth among the most popular frameworks for its innovative features, including seamless database integration, migrations, and view creation to speed the development process.

6 JavaScript

JavaScript is the leader among web application programming languages, according to the 2020 Stackoverflow Developer Survey. This programming language allows you to create dynamically updated content, animate images, manipulate media, and perform other things. It was initially developed to make web pages come alive. Programs in this language are called scripts. They can be embedded in HTML and executed automatically when the web page is loaded. Scripts are distributed and executed as plain text. They don't need any special preparation or compilation to run. JavaScript is supported by all major browsers and platforms. It's fully integrated with HTML/CSS, which makes it faster and easier than other programming languages.

So, we've told you about 5 programming languages ​​for cloud. But we'd like to supplement our list with two frameworks that can also be used in this field.

7 Node.js

Node.js is a JavaScript server–side development framework released in 2009. It is cross–platform and open–source. In spite of the fact that it is mostly applied to write web servers, Node.js has a lot of other possibilities as well. It is built on the basis of Google's V8 JavaScript engine, which is used in Google Chrome. Node.js is used to create web applications, as well as services that require a constant exchange of information with the user (social networks, chats, project collaboration systems, etc.) and can process a lot of requests simultaneously. Like many other languages, it's supported by Windows, MacOs, and Linux.

8 ASP.NET

ASP.NET is part of the .NET technology developed by Microsoft that is used to build web applications and web services. It allows programmers to create dynamic HTML pages. ASP.NET is the combination of the older ASP technology (Active Server Pages) and the .NET Framework. It contains many out–of –the–box control components, allowing you to quickly create interactive websites. You can also use the solutions provided by other websites transparently to the users of your website. ASP.NET allows developers to program in different languages ​, such as C#, Visual Basic, and J#. You can take advantage of the concepts, methods, and patterns of object–oriented development as well. Like other Microsoft products, it is mostly used to develop in–house software.

Wrapping Up

Many companies are using cloud technologies nowadays. There is no doubt that businesses will move to the clouds in the near future. These solutions offer many benefits, including significant cost savings, high performance, scalability, and data security. If you're thinking about joining this promising market, it's time to make a decision right now.

If you are interested in cloud computing or have any questions regarding programming languages for cloud, don't hesitate to contact our support team or visit our website.

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